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Time zones and daylight saving

Time zones

With a land mass close to 7.7 million square kilometres, Australia is the world's sixth largest country and is divided into three separate time zones.

Timezones
Time zone State or territory City UTC relative
Australian Eastern Standard Time (AEST) Queensland, New South Wales (except Broken Hill), Victoria, Tasmania, Australian Capital Territory Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne, Hobart, Canberra UTC+10:00
Australian Central Standard Time (ACST) South Australia, Northern Territory and the town of Broken Hill in western New South Wales Adelaide, Darwin, Broken Hill UTC+09:30
Australian Western Standard Time (AWST) Western Australia Perth UTC+08:00
Norfolk Island Standard Time (NFT) Norfolk Island Kingston UTC+11:00
Christmas Island Standard Time (CXT) Christmas Island UTC+07:00
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Standard Time (CCT) Cocos (Keeling) Islands UTC+06:30

Daylight saving

Daylight Saving Time (DST) is the practice of advancing clocks one hour during the warmer months of the year. In Australia, Daylight saving is observed in New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania, the Australian Capital Territory and Norfolk Island.

Daylight saving is not observed in Queensland, the Northern Territory, Western Australia, Christmas Island or the Cocos (Keeling) Islands.

Daylight Saving Time begins at 2am on the first Sunday in October, when clocks are put forward one hour. It ends at 2am (which is 3am Daylight Saving Time) on the first Sunday in April, when clocks are put back one hour.

During Daylight Saving Time (first Sunday in October – first Sunday in April)
Time zone State or territory City UTC relative
Australian Eastern Standard Time (AEST) Queensland Brisbane UTC+10:00
Australian Eastern Daylight Time (AEDT) New South Wales (except Broken Hill), Victoria, Tasmania, Australian Capital Territory Sydney, Melbourne, Hobart, Canberra UTC+11:00
Australian Central Daylight Time (ACDT) South Australia and the town of Broken Hill in western New South Wales Adelaide, Broken Hill UTC+10:30
Australian Central Standard Time (ACST) Northern Territory Darwin UTC+09:30
Australian Western Standard Time (AWST) Western Australia Perth UTC+08:00
Norfolk Island Daylight Time (NFDT) Norfolk Island Kingston UTC+12:00
Christmas Island Standard Time (CXT) Christmas Island UTC+07:00
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Standard Time (CCT) Cocos (Keeling) Islands UTC+06:30