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Find information and resources on Australia's history. For Indigenous history see Indigenous culture and history.

Australia's Prime Ministers

Provides information about the life and times of Australia's prime ministers from 1901 to the present.

National Archives of Australia

Australian Constitution

The Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act. Includes a link to Australia’s Constitution pocket edition : with overview and notes by the Australian Government Solicitor (92KB PDF).

Parliament of Australia

Billy Hughes at war

William Morris Hughes (Billy Hughes) was Prime Minister during the First World War.  Learn about Billy Hughes, the conscription debate and Australia's involvement in the peace negotiations.

Museum of Australian Democracy at Old Parliament House

Centenary of Australian Antarctic Expeditions

Learn about the first Australasian Antarctic Expedition led by Sir Douglas Mawson, and 100 years of Australian Antarctic expeditions.

Australian Antarctic Division

Constitution for a Nation

The story of the tumultuous years (1890–1900) of the creation of the Constitution, the people, the conventions, the arguments, the passion and the politics that created the Australian constitution.

National Archives of Australia

Defining democracy

Explores the concept of democracy in the Australian context.

Museum of Australian Democracy at Old Parliament House

Documenting a Democracy – Australia's story

Tells the story of Australia through the documents which give our national, state and territory governments the right to govern. Explains Australia's primary constitutional documents and traces the shaping of Australian democracy and citizenship.

National Archives of Australia

Eureka Stockade

An article about the 1854 Eureka rebellion, often referred to as the Eureka Stockade, which arose because of widespread opposition on the part of goldfield workers to the issuing and enforcement of miner's licences. Links to relevant online resources are provided.

European discovery and the colonisation of Australia

An article about European maritime discovery and the British colonisation of Australia. Includes the First Fleet, contact with the Indigenous Aboriginal inhabitants, the colony of New South Wales, and the history of Australia Day. Links to relevant online resources are provided.

Oral history and folklore

The Library’s oral history and folklore collection dates back to the 1950s and includes a rich and diverse collection of interviews and recordings with Australians from all walks of life.

National Library of Australia

Research guides – maritime history

Provides information about Australia's maritime heritage, sea migrations to Australia and social history relating to Australians at sea.

Australian National Maritime Museum

The Australian gold rush

An article about the gold rushes of the nineteenth century which had a huge effect on the Australian economy and our development as a nation. Links to online resources are included.

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